There are certain seasons of the year, such as winter, when the electricity bill rises considerably due to the need to keep our house warm at different times of the day. The almost uninterrupted use of stoves or heating systems is responsible for this increase, but at other cooler times of the year there are appliances that are responsible for keeping the total cost of monthly electricity on the rise. What are they and how can we reduce their consumption?
A couple of years ago the Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDEA) carried out a study on energy consumption in the residential sector in Spain, which yielded interesting results on our consumption habits and the factory configuration of electrical appliances and other appliances that run on electricity. One of them was the demonstration that the devices that remain in standby while we do not use them (like the television) continue consuming energy.
Before we go on, we want to remind you that your Allianz homeowners insurance protects your electrical appliances from accidents such as a short circuit or a power surge. Before that, it is also advisable to use electrical protectors in the sockets to contain any imbalance that may occur in the current.
The most popular household appliances
The refrigerator: it is the king of electricity consumption in our home, covering 30% of all that is consumed per month. Because it is a basic necessity, disconnecting it is not an option at any time, but we can avoid putting food too hot not to force it too much, make sure to close the door every time we open it and make sure it is in perfect refrigeration conditions.
If you are thinking of buying one, you can choose a low consumption model (marked with labels A, B and C) or a medium consumption model (identified with D and E).
Televisions: as already mentioned, even when switched off, they continue to consume energy, up to 12% of the total consumption of the whole home. Depending on how much you use it, it can consume even more if you use it little, so it is recommended that you disconnect it after using it. If you’re about to buy one, you might want to know that LED models consume 25% less than LCD models and up to 40% less than plasma models.
Washing machine: they use approximately 12% of the total energy of the home and, like the refrigerator, it is one of the essential household appliances that we cannot avoid using frequently. Reducing the cycle time from 30 to 15 minutes and charging with water at room temperature instead of hot water will help you cut back on your final spending for the month.
Electric coffee machines: this is another appliance that consumes energy without limits by the famous ‘stand by’ system. Leaving it on all day, even if you’re not making coffee, will spend about 1W per hour, which is about the same as consuming a computer.
Vitroceramic: consumes 8% of the total energy of the home, but there are several useful tips that allow us to take better advantage of the heat they generate, to consume much less energy. The smaller the pot, the less energy it will consume and if we also cover it, we will need less time (and therefore, less consumption) to get it to boil. In addition, if we turn it off a little before finishing cooking, we can take advantage of the residual heat.
Did you know that in Spain one fifth of the energy consumed comes from homes?
Discover the energy efficiency guidelines for household appliances
If you intend to save on your electricity bill and on your consumption of electrical appliances, you should pay close attention to the electricity consumption of the most common appliances. According to the Institute for Energy Diversification and Saving (IDEA), these are:
This list is led by the fridge, with 30.6% of the electricity consumption of our homes.
- When buying a new refrigerator, we recommend those of class A +++, since you can save up to 75% of consumption compared to those of class D. This saving can be translated into approximately 1000 euros over the useful life of the appliance, and will prevent the emission into the atmosphere of a ton and a half of CO2.
- Be careful not to leave it open.
- Clean at least once a year.
- Do not introduce hot foods, because the effort to cool them will mean a greater consumption.
TELEVISOR. Undoubtedly in Spain is one of the appliances that spends more time on, with 12.2% of total consumption.
- When you are not using it, avoid the “stand by” mode and turn it off.
- If you are going to buy a new TV, bear in mind that those with LED technology consume 25% less than LCS and 40% less than plasma screens.
WASHING MACHINE. In this way we close the podium on the consumption of household appliances, with 11.8%.
- Try to open it as little as possible while you are cooking.
- Keep it clean of grease, its use will be more efficient.
- Turn it off before you finish cooking, you will take advantage of the accumulated heat.
COMPUTER. One of our “favourite” household appliances in recent years can consume up to 7.4% of a house’s electricity, so pay close attention to finding out how to reduce part of this consumption.
- Don’t use screensavers.
- It reduces the illumination of the screen.
- Turn off the peripherals (speakers, printer…).
- Turn off the computer when you’re not using it.
DISHWASHERS. Another of our faithful allies in the day-to-day running of a house consumes 6.1% of the electricity.
- Try to use it always when it is full.
- Use economic or low temperature programs.
DRYER. Although it is not a very common household appliance in homes, it can consume 3.3% of electricity consumption.
- Always try to fill it to the maximum.
- If you have the option of self-drying, use it.
It will give you the best tips for you to save on your electricity bill and keep you abreast of all trends and developments in the sector.